Mercury live position and data. Although Mercury is not tidally locked to the Sun, its rotational period is tidally coupled to its orbital period. It is the smallest planet in the solar system, with a diameter of 3,031 miles. Mercury Observational Parameters Discoverer: Unknown Discovery Date: Prehistoric Distance from Earth Minimum (10 6 km) 77.3 Maximum (10 6 km) 221.9 Apparent diameter from Earth Maximum (seconds of arc) 13. An astronomical unit (au) is the average distance of the Earth from the Sun and is the most common unit for the distance calculation in the solar system. Mercury is an average distance of 48 million miles (77 million km) from Earth. Distance from the Sun: 1st planet from the sun, 36 million miles (57.9 million km) Type of Planet: Terrestrial (has a hard rocky surface) What is Mercury like? Distance between sun to Mercury, Venus, earth , mars, Jupiter, Saturn Uranus & Neptune You will receive a verification email shortly. When Mercury is closest to the sun, it is only 46 million kilometers (29 million miles) distant, but when the planet is rounding the opposite focus of its orbit, it is 70 million kilometers (43 million miles) away from the sun. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. The precise distance between the two planets depends on where they are in their respective orbits. Minimum (seconds of arc) 4.5 Maximum visual magnitude -2.43 Mean values at inferior conjunction with Earth Distance from Earth (10 6 km) 91.70 Apparent diameter (seconds of arc) 11.0 When this happens, Mercury and Earth would be separated by … mean distance from Sun: 57,909,227 km (0.39 AU) It takes 87.969 Earth days to complete an orbit. The best holiday season deals on Meade telescopes and binoculars, The best holiday season deals on Sky-Watcher telescopes and binoculars. When Mercury is closest to the sun, it is only 46 million kilometers (29 million miles) distant, but when the planet is rounding the opposite focus of its orbit, it is 70 million kilometers (43 million miles) away from the sun. It speeds around the Sun every 88 days, traveling through space at nearly 29 miles (47 kilometers) per second, faster than any other planet. Mercury's dayside is super-heated by the sun, but at night temperatures drop hundreds of degrees below freezing. The celestial coordinates, magnitude, distances and speed are updated in real time and are computed using high quality data sets provided by the JPL Horizons ephemeris service (see acknowledgements for details). Mercury is hard to spot most nights. How Far Is Mercury From The Sun E. He began writing online in 2010, offering information in scientific, cultural and practical topics. In mid-September and mid-March, the Earth is well placed to viewthe long a… Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. Mercury, named after a Roman god, is 36 million miles away from the sun and 48 million miles from Earth. These rocky planets are called ‘Terrestrial Planets’ As a result, the angular diameter of the Sun from Mercury is much larger: about 1.4°. The distance from the sun to mercury is over 9 million miles. Planetary data for Mercury *Time required for the planet to return to the same position in the sky relative to the Sun as seen from Earth. On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. Perihelion and Aphelion: Mercury orbits the Sun at an average distance (semi-major axis) of 0.387 AU (57,909,050 km; 35,983,015 mi). Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. read more Mercury has a rocky surface and an iron core. Unlike a circle, an ellipse doesn't have a center; instead, it has two foci, and in the case of Mercury's orbit, the sun occupies one of them. Thank you for signing up to Space. The minimum distance from the sun to Mercury is 28.5 million miles. However, it more normally hovers at around magnitude 0, becoming roughly the fifth brightest object in … Distance from the sun: About 36 million miles, slightly more than 1/3 as far as the Earth. About how many more kilometers is the distance of Venus from the Sun than the distance of Mercury from the Sun? Mercury is an average distance of 48 million miles (77 million km) from Earth. Mercury is hard to spot most nights. Planetary surface temperatures tend to get colder the farther a planet is from the Sun. NY 10036. Venus is the exception, as its proximity to the Sun and dense atmosphere make it our solar system's hottest planet. Examples: Scale 1 : 100000000 or Sun Diameter = 10 cm or Neptune Distance from Sun = 1000 ft. The distance of planet Mercury from the Sun is approximately 5.8 ⋅ 107 kilometers, and the distance of planet Venus from the Sun is 1.1 ⋅ 108 kilometers. Mercury's higher velocity when it is near perihelion is clear from the greater distance it covers in each 5-day interval. Mercury is the first planet from Sun and Earth is the third planet from the Sun. Enter scale or diameter or distance, select to show table and/or map below, select options, then press Calculate. See more SpaceKids questions. Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! Continue the conversation on Calculate the scaled planet diameters and planet-sun distances for a solar system model. A secondary effect is that Mercury is unusual among the planets for having asignificantly non-circular orbit, which varies in its distance from the Sun by52% between its closest approach (perihelion, labelled P in the diagram to theright) and greatest distance (aphelion, labelled A). It is the smallest planet in the solar system, with a diameter of 3,031 miles. 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