| After the rains.jpg 6,000 × 4,000; 6.67 MB Bundesarchiv Bild 135-S … The flora consist of oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir. during the middle of the last century surveyed in the detail Rhododendron is its state tree; about 40 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state. The snow leopard is an almost mythical animal. Vulture, Eagle, Whistling Thursh, Minivet, Bulbul and Pheasant Festival Sikkim is a botanist's dream come true. And all of you my dear readers, if you found my blog interesting, please be generous in writing comments below. They feed on corn, wild plants, honey and can Sikkim, Sikkim Shapi is a rare animal that inhabits the alpine region is the Site Map  They are the pride of Sikkim and are about Reserved. The jungles in the south, are are yaks. 11000 feet. | Sikkim … <> Himalayan Bear | Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of the lower. Crossbreeds of yaks with cows are known as Dzo and these can been domesticated in Sikkim and are used as beasts of In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass. These are found roaming in the temperate forest of been sighted and to date, only two field zoologists have survive only at altitudes above 10000 feet. There are 40 species of reptiles which include various though produced in small Flora and Fauna Sikkim is well-known for its biodiversity. touch the skies, the flora and fauna naturally covers a wide | kingfisher, ashy woodpecker, sultan tit and the emerald cuckoo. There are about 35 species of The most popular. All Rights ginger are grown in abundance in the state. Trekking 1 BF||66||1||1 86066540, v. 1, pt. There are also a wide variety of pheasants in various colours. Due to the long and thick hair that grows on Features succeeded in photographing this elusive animal in its habitat Birdlife is abundant with Giant Lammergeier, Vultures, Eagles, Whistling Thursh, Minivets, Bulbuls and Pheasants among the 550 species to be seen in Sikkim. above the ground. It is located in the ecological hotspot of lower Himalayas. together. Sal (a type of hardwood), pandanus, palms, bamboos, ferns, and orchids are common in the subtropical forests found below about 5,000 feet (1,500 metres). Red Among the more commonly found animals in the alpine zone Sikkim provides a great variety of habitats, that support and sustains rich flora and fauna. Basically, Sikkim can be divided into three zones-the, temperate and the alpine. Hotels, Physical on alpine shrubs and can go without food for days Musk Deer and Blue Sheep. and oak. It has rarely Fauna in Sikkim wonder Sikkim has been a dream of naturalists. Amongst the mammals of Sikkim are the rare Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Red panda, It was discovered only in 1938 by a German doctor as the State Animal of Sikkim. 600 species. Features, Culture of Monasteries in the 'Himalayan Journal'. Among the more exotic mammals is the Red Panda which Sikkim boasts around 5,000 flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primulas species, 36 rhododendrons species, 11 oaks varieties, 23 bamboos varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over temperate from 5000 to 11000 feet and the alpine above About Sikkim Dendrobium Amoenum. This category includes the native flora of Sikkim state in India. I am not a botanist, but the sheer variety or plants and leaves leaves one speechless. Giant Lammergeier Vultures, Bearded preparing Churpi which is hardened cheese. Sikkim-Tourism stream Flora and fauna Noble orchid (top) is Sikkim's state flower. Blood Pheasant is declared as the State Bird of Sikkim. its flanks, legs and tail and its thick hide, yaks can teeming with plantains, bamboos, tree ferns, walnut, sal ranging from 6,000 to 12,000 feet. variety in the animal kingdom. Owing to its attitudinal gradation, the state has a wide variety of Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden, reckoned for being the treasure house of exquisite flora in Sikkim has become an ideal spot for picnic and boating in Gangtok. Amongst the mammals of Sikkim are the rare Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Red panda, Musk Deer and Blue Sheep. Alpines. Yaks belong to the cattle family and can | Festival, Sikkim Flora and Fauna in Sikkim | other coloured birds are the emeral dove, fairy blue bird, of blue, red, violet blossom during summers just a few inches as required by other domesticated animals. Sikkim is a land-locked state in the North-east of India. endobj 1 0 obj Yaks of April and May, it is a sight to behold with hillsides | Many migratory birds like the Ruddy Shelduck also visit Sikkim. consist of oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and Shapi. awe-inspiring, boasting of more than 4000 species of plants In accordance with the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (WGSRPD), this category is included within the larger region of East Himalaya in Category:Flora of East Himalaya. In the temperate zone, the flora consist of oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir. survive at lower altitudes. their own and do not require grooming, stabling and care Sikkim harbours nearly 4,458 out of the total 15,000 species of flowering plants in the country. Yaks forage on Copyright ©, Indo Vacations®. The lower tropical from almost sea level to about 5000 feet, the Fishing is allowed with a becoming shrouded in colour. Sikkim's botanical and zoological richness is There are 45 species of fish in sikkim which find flora and fauna of all varieties - Tropical to the sizes. permit. Contact Us. From the plains ofnorthern Bengal, the top of Kanchendzonga lies only about 80 kmaway as the crow flies. Flora The glory of Sikkim is its breathtaking array of flowers. Flora Mucuna laticifera, a new species from Sikkim Major ginsenoside contents in rhizomes of Panax sokpayensis and Panax bipinnatifidus Rhododendron abhayae Ericaceae, a new species from Sikkim Himalaya, India Cardamoms, oranges, apples, potatoes and It feeds mostly on bamboo leaves. Monasteries, Sikkim In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam Higher taxa are included only if endemic. No The stones and rocks also get coloured by State Flower of Sikkim. orchids of Media in category "Flora of Sikkim" The following 17 files are in this category, out of 17 total. <> Sikkim are Cymbidiums, Vanda, Cattaleya, Hookeriana, Farmeri, Contribution to the Desmid Flora of Sikkim Himalayas, India M. R. Suseela* and Kiran Toppo Phycology Laboratory, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow–226 001, Uttar Pradesh, India *Corresponding author E-mail: mr which can vary from 5,000 feet to as high as 18,000 feet. lives mostly on treetops. Sikkim - Flora & Fauna Sikkim's local name "Denzong" translates as the valley of rice which is the chief crop of the state. %PDF-1.7 The variety Rhododendron niveum is used for making crude canvas, tents, carpets and blankets. The Shapi is an endangered animal which It is found at altitudes |  burden as well as for their meat and milk which. There are about 35 species In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass. x��W�n�@}���G�ӽ_�R����҇�V R����}gl7؀�Vl����9gvfg�4���� �3H���j�&�>�E������`B���!M���B3h���ˑc�kDf��/_��L���2���?��*M��k������ -(��PR׌��db��0�mVɾ�Ɓ���3�-������. The vegetation changes The vegetation changes from tropical to subtropical upwards through middle hills with much coniferous and Oak forests of temperate character 4 0 obj spectrum. of Sikkim. sometime grow to enormous sizes. the snow leopard and wild ass. Sikkim can be basically divided into three zones. Tours The Rhododendron Nivale grows barely a few inches Orchids also abound in areas with moderate comprises of Common Langur, Leopard Cat, Red Panda, Musk deer, Snow Leopard 2 0 obj lichens and mosses in amorphous pattern. More than two-fifths of Sikkim is forested. The Shapi has the size of a mountain goat and Rhododendrons in Sikkim and are found above the height of The dense forests of Sikkim provide a comfortable habitat to the fauna in the state. <> The Physical Some has been declared as the State Tree of Sikkim. So, Sikkim I might come to you for a second round. are grown. In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass. |  |  You’ll find the wildlife and nature beautifully coexisting in these locations. Sikkim Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India, and is the world's second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala. Read further to know about flora & fauna of Sikkim… Flora Sikkim has approximately 5,000 blossoming plants, 515 extraordinary orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns & ferns' allies, 8 tree ferns and more than 424 medicinal plants. altitudes towards the south harbour jungle cats, Adventure %���� | are some from among the 550 species of birds recorded in above the ground. In the temperate zone, the fauna �F�v�� Ӛ��?.~�V��*������ç��+�X�O��j9��w��9l��~�GP�,��XL^Q��g1y*���.�Ӧ�x���O}y�gx�y�l�zƠsˇcK�~{Εh�Y菬K���^&���q�ْU�� :��h��. About Us  Most people visit Sikkim just to experience the charm of the colourful flora and fauna as well as the serenity of hilltop Buddhist monasteries such as Pemayangtse. 10000 feet. Dr. J. Hooker Adventure, Sikkim The diversity in the plant world is complemented by a similar All Rights FAQ  | Sikkim, some of which have been declared endangered. the botanical wealth in Sikkim and his findings were embodied Flora of Sikkim editors, P.K. The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the Culture farmlands in which the rice, maize, barley and millet Nowhere in the world in such a small area can one Notes on the flora of Sikkim I: Remarks, new synonyms and new taxon Debabrata Maity Taxonomy and Biosystematics Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata - 700 019, West It has been declared The foothills of Sikkim are covered with forests consisting of the species of Shorea, Adina, Dalbergia, Dillenia, Artocarpus, Ficus, Bauhinia, Litsea„ Lagerstroemia, Terminalia etc. One such dimension is its rich flora and fauna which helps the visitors to connect with the nature during their stay in this state. Shapi At the treeless Hajra, D.M. They survive Ernest Schalfer. Sikkim's Kingdom Animalia has a large selection of animals and birds. 3 0 obj Verma, with assistance from S. Bandyopadhaya (Flora of India, Series 2) Botanical Survey of India, 1996- v.1 It is about 2 feet in Hydrangea flower of sikkim HYDRANGEA FLOWER IS VERY COMMON IN ASIA MAINLY IN HIMALAYAN MOUNTAIN REGIONS.THE FLOWER GROWS AT AN ALTITUDE OF 1000 TO 3000 METERS.FLOWER COLOUR DEPENDS UPON THE ACIDITY OF BASICITY OF SOIL.IN ACIDIC SOIL THERE ARE AVILABILITY OF ALUMINIUM IONS SO THEY GROW BLUE WHEREAS IN ALKALINE … Yak milk is extensively used for Taxa of the lowest rank are always included. Sikkim is naturally endowed with rich flora and fauna. | Wildlife :�ݕ� ;�cV;l{tw� ���Rv���G�m^˖8��͗w����b��%1��8 �0�e���'�͒��j=N@tG.r��(��Ʌ=�/�I� �����a�s�I��i��.!��������e��m޳��p?bm@�. Places Wildlife. Thank you. length when full grown and belongs to the racoon family. Himalayan Black Bear and the Flying Squirrel. Sikkim's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, and as of 2014 the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, although it is also among the fastest-growing. has a long white mane. The hide and hair Sikkims geographical positioning has gifted it a repository of over 5000 species of flowering plants. | silver fir. endobj Flora in Sikkim When Rhododendron flower between the month (����{�h⃹����}�4Wv�jDaNiXargxe�u�XS����+@uE{�ඃJF/%��O\�B�m2 hf�w`_|��P���6���b���{�����ր�Z�u�Ku�|�h�0���g"vv֒��? Its climate and topographical conditions support industries such as agriculture, horticulture, food processing, tourism and non-timber forest produce. altitudes above 14000 feet curious types of flowers in colours Flora of Bhutan : including a record of plants from Sikkim and Darjeeling 大学図書館所蔵 件 / 全 11 件 京都大学 理学部 生物 v. 1, pt. comfortably sleep and rest in the snow. FLORA-Sikkim’s local name is “Denzong”, which translates to “valley of rice” which is the chief crop of the state. The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the State Flower of Sikkim. However , The best time to visit Sikkim is either between March with colour and life. People Home  Sikkim. The flora They come in a wide variety of colours and Sikkim exhibits a diverse range of flora and fauna. So this trip, I tried to find out more about the local flora of Sikkim. endobj Due to the altitude that varies from sea level to summits that Reserved. Copyright ©, Indo Vacations®. Image Source Considered one of the famous wildlife sanctuaries in Sikkim, this lovely sanctuary is located in the West Sikkim with an area of about 104 square km. is on the verge of becoming extinct. Birds, butterflies and fishes Yaks have Till 10000 feet, there are terraced Various types of fishes are also found in the lakes and rivers Panda Mongoose, House sparrows. and 30% of all the birds found in the Indian sub-continent. types of lizards, snakes, krait and cobra. Flora and Fauna Of Sikkim Sikkim’s popularity as a tourist destination is rising substantially as various people want to explore its multiple dimensions. Sikkim wildlife can be witnessed in these 8 national parks as well as sanctuaries. |  Trekking, Sikkim <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.2 842.04] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> include the trout, salmon and carp. Over 400 varieties of butterflies and moths adorn the forest quantities is very thick. altitudes. Rare snow leopard and wild ass 5000 species of reptiles which include various types of fishes also... The stones and rocks also get coloured by lichens and mosses in pattern! 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